Components of Self-Esteem | The Importance of Self-Reflection in Building Self-Esteem

Components of Self-Esteem | The Importance of Self-Reflection in Building Self-Esteem

Self-esteem—equivalent to self-regard, self-estimation, and self-worth—is the evaluative and affective aspect of self-concept (Harter, 1999). It’s a person’s worldwide appraisal of their positive or negative value based on their ratings in various jobs and spheres of life (Roger, 1981; Markus and Nurius, 1986).

Self-worth shows how someone views themselves. It helps a person focus on self-perception and stand alone. It boosts daily confidence. Self-esteem can be affected by many circumstances.

William James (1890) initially defined self-esteem as the positive self-regard that develops when people consistently achieve their most important life goals.

I agree with William James’s statement that attaining an important goal, like passing the board exams or learning new skills, gives a person a sense of confidence and entitlement. Self-esteem includes more than this.

Self-confidence, self-respect, self-acceptance, competence, relatedness, and autonomy will be examined in this article. These characteristics are interconnected and may overlap since they relate to a person’s personality and well-being, a big topic.


Self-confidence is the belief that one can handle daily challenges and expectations, according to the online psychology encyclopedia.

A self-confident person can do a task alone. Being competent in a task, which will lead to a person being confident in doing that task or in sharing his/her knowledge about that task; embracing one’s concrete body flaws, which will help an individual express himself/herself in a way he/she wants to; believing in one’s ability, which can lead to self-confidence even in competent and capable people; and believing in one’s worth.

-Sigfreid Savant

The concept of self-confidence indicates that just the individual is engaged, yet for some people, self-confidence is also influenced by their surroundings. Supportive environments help some people thrive and gain self-confidence. Engagement with others, especially emotionally close ones, has a greater impact on well-being.

Moreover, self-confidence and self-acceptance are linked. Self-confidence usually comes from self-acceptance, but sometimes a person feels they need to alter their appearance to be more confident.

This topic is relevant because society is embracing more body altering and enhancement procedures than ever before. These treatments can raise self-esteem and confidence in social situations.


Self-respect comes from valuing oneself and believing others should treat one properly. Self-respect is hard to describe, but occasionally people lose it because they feel unworthy, which connects it to other notions in this article, such as self-esteem and self-acceptance.

If a person has poor self-esteem and doesn’t like themselves, they may think it’s Fine for others to abuse them since they don’t feel empowered enough to deserve it.

While this may seem like a terrible situation, we should always look on the bright side and evaluate how a person might increase their self-respect. Is self-respect possible overnight? No. Self-respect is a personal issue that requires contemplation and self-improvement.

I think self-acceptance, or understanding one’s strengths and limitations, is a good way to build self-respect since you won’t let people mistreat you and you’ll respect yourself.

To apply this to a real-world example, an uneducated employee may feel that his boss’s harsh statements, despite being hurtful, are permitted because he is uneducated and has accepted that his employer is more educated and powerful. This prevalent circumstance shows mismatched self-acceptance and loss of self-respect.

Self-respect is not letting others, particularly powerful ones, mistreat you. In this case, education does not justify mistreating others. I argued that the contemporary individual’s acceptance is misaligned because he accepts himself in a way that lessens his distinctiveness.

One can accept himself modestly without letting others misuse their position. Self-respect is important, and there is no need to insult others.

Self-respect may also highlight the problem of women permitting others to sexually assault them out of fear or for financial benefit. This is a contentious topic, but I think women should always remember that they own their bodies and that how they see themselves is a matter of choice. I think self-respect is clear and understood, but others may disagree.


Self-acceptance means being comfortable in one’s own skin and taking full responsibility for one’s actions (Barry, 2019). Accepting ourselves—flaws and all—is a lifelong practice. Barry also suggests being aware of our personality and behavior to take responsibility for them and improve. Self-acceptance takes time as we discover and enhance ourselves.

Self-acceptance is accepting one’s flaws and weaknesses while working to improve. We shouldn’t think we need to alter to accept ourselves. Some people have cosmetic surgery to boost self-esteem. Yet, aesthetic surgery is not the answer to self-acceptance because physical features erode over time. Self-acceptance involves loving yourself no matter what others think.

Competence, relatedness, and autonomy

According to Deci and Ryan’s 2000 Psychological Inquiry paper, self-determination theory (SDT) requires consideration of fundamental psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness to explain human motivation. Self-determination theory states that psychological development requires competence, autonomy, and relatedness.

This idea may seem easy, but a person’s innate behavior, contextual settings, and other psychological development factors will also affect their intrinsic psychological demands.

Competence. Competence is the ability to perform a task well. Competence is required for any motivation, according to this psychological factor. Competence can also indicate a person’s mindset. A person’s desire to feel effective is also examined in competence.

Autonomy. Psychologists define autonomy as decision-making independence. Autonomy is self-government in states. Controlling all your choices. Autonomy is a key component of self-esteem since it signifies a person believes in and can make decisions on their own.

Relatedness. Relatedness is the urge to connect with people. Connected to feel loved, cared for, and compelled to love and care. Relatedness is the urge to develop emotional ties with others. I agree that relatedness, or attachment, is a fundamental goal and a primary motivator for psychological development.

Studies show that a child’s affection and care affects their psychological development. Television shows, documentaries, and real-life tales reveal that a poor and violent environment and a lack of bonding to a child will likely result in a negative psychological development, which may also affect other self-esteem factors.

Psychological development and life depend on relationships. “No man is an island,” says the saying. In fact, living alone without love and care would harm a person’s mental health. I understand that some individuals want to be alone in their comfort zone, but I think they just have a different view of love and compassion. Love, compassion, and affection are also huge topics. Relatedness includes compassion, affection, and the desire to be related.

Like “love conquers everything,” relatedness is powerful. If one values attachment, such as to family, they can overcome their fears and be confident in handling life’s challenges.

Deci and Ryan found that basic requirements for competence, autonomy, and relatedness affect life quality and motivated behavior. I support this. Deci and Ryan link each need to motivation in their article. This is because competence, autonomy, and relatedness motivate, which helps psychological development.

As stated in the beginning of this section, human motivation requires psychological needs. This emphasizes that valuing competence, autonomy, and relatedness motivates people.

But, if society doesn’t provide possibilities to meet psychological demands, people may stay in the same place. Self-determination theory aims to improve life, as stated. Hence, the social environment contributes to this outcome.

Final Thoughts

To sum up this piece, the above topics have deeper meaning and require contemplation and self-help to achieve. Appreciating these aspects of life boosts self-confidence. As no one is an island, this will simplify life. We must accept that people will help us in all we do.

We may encounter people who disagree with us or who discriminate against us owing to our flaws or concerns in our daily lives. Accepting our weaknesses prevents others from exploiting them. We’ll show them we’re in charge of our body and confident if we have great self-esteem.

To feel confident and empowered, a person must analyze and nurture self-confidence, self-respect, and self-acceptance, as well as the three psychological prerequisites of self-determination theory. Since they are personal elements affecting psychological well-being, they are connected.

I realized while writing this post that these forces may sometimes function independently. Because everyone is unique and their feelings shouldn’t be dismissed just because they’re different.

I’ll end with “No man is an island” and “love conquers all.”

They can go far. Based on literature, TV shows, movies, documentaries, and my own experience, genuine love can transcend any difficulty and help us grow. Psychological development and self-esteem require this link.

To be more secure in life, we must love and connect to ourselves deeper and understand how life unfolds and how to respond to various life situations.

If we could remember that whatever we do is for the greater good, we would always be confident because we would know we accept ourselves no matter what.

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